You used to have to get a permit to purchase a pistol from your local police department in the city you live, but that has recently changed as of January 1st, 2013. Now if you wish to buy a pistol from a dealer, you don’t have to obtain any purchaser’s permit from your local police department. You still must fill out a federal background check as well as a pistol sales record. The buyer and seller both fill this pistol purchase form as well as the pistol sales record. Of the 4 copies of the pistol sales record, the seller keeps one, the buyer keeps one and the buyer turns the other two into their local law enforcement agency within 10 days of purchase.
You are exempted from having to obtain a permit to purchase when buying a handgun. If a CPL holder wants to buy a pistol, he or she must give their Michigan CPL to the firearms dealer at the time of purchase. The dealer will fill out the pistol sales record form. The dealer will keep one copy of the pistol sales record, the buyer will keep one copy, and the buyer will turn in the other two remaining copies to their local police agency within 10 days of the date of purchase. When buying from a private seller, you will both need to fill out a pistol sales record form and follow the same procedures as above.
In Michigan, a person “shall not purchase, carry, or transport a pistol in this state without first having obtained a license for the pistol,” as prescribed in MCL 28.422. These licenses shall be obtained by the local police agency. If the city, township, or village does not have an organized police agency, the license shall be obtained by the county sheriff department.
There is an exception for a person licensed in Michigan to carry a concealed pistol. He or she must obtain a Pistol Sales Record (RI-060) any time he or she purchases or otherwise acquires a pistol, pursuant to MCL 28.422a.
The police authority will check for any criminal record at both the state and national level.
An applicant must comply with all state and federal laws prior to the issuance of the license. The following are state and federal laws that prohibit an individual from receiving a license:
Michigan – MCL 28.422
If the purchaser is not a U.S. Citizen, an Immigrant-Alien Query (IAQ) check must be conducted through NLETS. An agency MUST wait for a response before proceeding. This could take up to three days.
If the reply to the NICS check reveals no state or federal prohibitors, the license process may proceed. The applicant must answer gun related questions on a Basic Pistol Safety Questionnaire, with at least 70% correct, and swear before a notary that they meet the statutory requirements to own a pistol.
The License to Purchase a Pistol form must be completed even though the applicant may already have possession of a pistol, such as through an inheritance. Federal firearms licensed dealers are not exempt from this section of the law and must also get a license any time they purchase/acquire a pistol from an individual or another gun dealer. There is an exemption only for dealers purchasing pistols directly from the manufacturer or wholesaler.
If the law enforcement agency determines that the applicant is prohibited from purchasing or possessing a firearm, an NICS Guide for Appealing a Firearm Transfer DENIAL pamphlet, with the NICS Transaction Number (NTN) written on the cover is provided to the applicant.
A License to Purchase a Pistol is valid for 10 days to purchase a pistol. The seller must sign the license and keep one copy for his/her records. An individual must keep a copy and return two copies to the local police department within 10 days of purchasing the pistol.
Some agencies require all unused license to purchase forms be returned to them for record keeping purposes.
These forms are licenses to purchase a pistol and the purpose is not to circumvent the required NICS (National Instant Check System) check when buying a shotgun or rifle from an FFL dealer.