How to Purchase a Pistol in Michigan

From a Private Seller

If Purchaser has a CPL

As a current Michigan CPL holder, you’ve already passed the background checks required to purchase a pistol.  When you want to buy a pistol from a private seller, regardless if the seller has a CPL or not, it’s easy.

 

  1. Fill out the RI-060 Michigan Pistol Sales Record form
  2. There are 4 copies (that must all be filled out and signed)
    1. Seller keeps one
    2. Buyer keeps one
    3. Buyer drops off remaining two copies to local police department within 10 days
    4. Buyer keeps copy of the sales record with the firearm for 30 days
  3. Enjoy your new pistol

 

Because the transaction is a private sale from a Michigan resident to another Michigan resident, no federal paperwork or Federally-Licensed dealers need to be involved.

If Purchaser Doesn’t have a CPL

Before you can buy a handgun, the purchaser must get a permit to purchase a pistol.  This is available from your local police department.  The permit to purchase is issued by your local police department, and is valid for 10 days.  The police department will run your background to ensure eligibility to own a firearm before issuing the permit.  Though the permit is valid for 10 days, it doesn’t mean you HAVE TO purchase a pistol, but it allows you to purchase one pistol from a private seller for 10 days.

 

  1. Go to your local police department and obtain your permit to purchase a pistol
  2. Meet with the seller and actually buy the pistol
  3. Fill out the RI-060 Michigan Pistol Sales Record form
  4. There are 4 copies (that must all be filled out and signed)
    1. Seller keeps one
    2. Buyer keeps one
    3. Buyer drops off remaining two copies to local police department within 10 days
    4. Buyer keeps copy of the sales record with the firearm for 30 days
  5. Bring your purchase permit and pistol sales records back to the police department within 10 days
  6. Enjoy your new pistol.

 

Because the transaction is a private sale from a Michigan resident to another Michigan resident, no federal paperwork or Federally-Licensed dealers need to be involved.

From a Federally-Licensed Firearms Dealer (FFL)

Purchase Process (Same for CPL & Non-CPL Purchasers)

The licensed dealer is required to run a background check at the time of purchase.  Because of this background check, the State of Michigan no longer requires buyers to obtain a purchaser’s permit prior to buying a pistol from a dealer.

 

  1. Locate an FFL dealer near you
  2. Fill out ATF form 4473
  3. Dealer checks to make sure the form is filled out correctly and then runs purchaser’s background with the ATF
  4. Dealer will fill out the RI-060 Michigan Pistol Sales Record form
  5. There are 4 copies (that must all be filled out and signed)
    1. Dealer keeps one
    2. Buyer keeps one
    3. Buyer drops off remaining two copies to local police department within 10 days
    4. Buyer keeps copy of the sales record with the firearm for 30 days
  6. Enjoy your new pistol

 

Because the transaction is from a federally-licensed dealer, a background check is required for all persons purchasing a firearm.  In addition, the Michigan pistol registration form must be delivered to your local police agency within 10 days.

Michigan Laws Regarding Purchase of Pistols

In Michigan, a person “shall not purchase, carry, or transport a pistol in this state without first having obtained a license for the pistol,” as prescribed in MCL 28.422. These licenses shall be obtained by the local police agency. If the city, township, or village does not have an organized police agency, the license shall be obtained by the county sheriff department.
There is an exception for a person licensed in Michigan to carry a concealed pistol. He or she must obtain a Pistol Sales Record (RI-060) any time he or she purchases or otherwise acquires a pistol, pursuant to MCL 28.422a.

The police authority will check for any criminal record at both the state and national level.

An applicant must comply with all state and federal laws prior to the issuance of the license. The following are state and federal laws that prohibit an individual from receiving a license:

Michigan – MCL 28.422

  • Probable cause to believe that the applicant would be a threat to himself or herself or to other individuals, or would commit an offense with the pistol that would violate a law of this or another state of the United States.
  • The person is not subject to an order or disposition for which he or she has received notice and an opportunity for a hearing, and which was entered into the Law Enforcement Information Network pursuant to any of the following:
  • MCL 330.1464a – Involuntary hospitalization or alternative treatment program
  • MCL 700.444a – Legally incapacitated (now MCL 700.5107)
  • MCL 600.2950 – Personal Protection Order
  • The Personal Protection Order must be active. Inactive PPOs will stay on file for five years for historical purposes.
  • MCL 600.2950a – Stalking
  • MCL 552.14 – Restraining Order
  • MCL 765.6b – Release subject to protective conditions
  • MCL 769.16b – Not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Under 18
  • Not a U.S. citizen or resident alien and a resident of Michigan
  • Prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, etc. under MCL 750.224f
  • Adjudged insane in this state or elsewhere, unless restored to sanity by court order
  • Under an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness
  • Adjudged legally incapacitated
  • Unable to correctly answer 70% of the questions on the basic pistol safety questionnaire.
  • Federal – 18 USC §922(g) & (n)
  • Under indictment for or have been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year
  • Fugitive of justice
  • Unlawful user of, or addicted to, any controlled substance (convicted, of possession within last year, multiple arrests for possession within the past five years if most recent arrest occurred within the past year, or positive drug test within last year)
  • Adjudicated as mental defective or been committed to any mental institution
  • Alien and is illegally or unlawfully in the U.S. (alien without permanent residence status)
  • Dishonorably discharged from the military
  • Formally renounced U.S. citizenship
  • Subject to a court order prohibiting harassing, stalking, or threatening of an intimate partner or child of such intimate partner or from engaging in other conduct that would place the partner or child in reasonable fear of bodily injury
  • Convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence (does not have to be classified as a “domestic crime”)
  • Under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year

If the purchaser is not a U.S. Citizen, an Immigrant-Alien Query (IAQ) check must be conducted through NLETS. An agency MUST wait for a response before proceeding. This could take up to three days.

If the reply to the NICS check reveals no state or federal prohibitors, the license process may proceed. The applicant must answer gun related questions on a Basic Pistol Safety Questionnaire, with at least 70% correct, and swear before a notary that they meet the statutory requirements to own a pistol.

The License to Purchase a Pistol form must be completed even though the applicant may already have possession of a pistol, such as through an inheritance. Federal firearms licensed dealers are not exempt from this section of the law and must also get a license any time they purchase/acquire a pistol from an individual or another gun dealer. There is an exemption only for dealers purchasing pistols directly from the manufacturer or wholesaler.

If the law enforcement agency determines that the applicant is prohibited from purchasing or possessing a firearm, an NICS Guide for Appealing a Firearm Transfer DENIAL pamphlet, with the NICS Transaction Number (NTN) written on the cover is provided to the applicant.

A License to Purchase a Pistol is valid for 10 days to purchase a pistol. The seller must sign the license and keep one copy for his/her records. An individual must keep a copy and return two copies to the local police department within 10 days of purchasing the pistol.

Some agencies require all unused license to purchase forms be returned to them for record keeping purposes.

These forms are licenses to purchase a pistol and the purpose is not to circumvent the required NICS (National Instant Check System) check when buying a shotgun or rifle from an FFL dealer.